DOMINICA SPERM WHALE EXPEDITION 2015
Officially known as the Commonwealth of Dominica, this small island is located between Guadeloupe and Martinique, midway through the chain of Lesser Antilles islands that separate the Caribbean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean. With volcanoes, waterfalls, rainforests, hundreds of rivers, and endemic flora and fauna, it's no surprise that this 300 square mile island has earned the nickname "Nature Island". And, that isn't even taking the marine life into account! Diving on the west coast is among the best in the Caribbean. Macro and wide angle photography subjects can be found on every dive, but Dominica's true uniqueness starts being apparent as soon as you venture offshore...
Sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) may have been portrayed as vicious human killers in Moby Dick, but in reality they're more like shy puppies the size of a bus. Well, they're also the largest and loudest predator on earth (up to 70 feet long, 60 tons, and 230 dB!), have the largest brain in the animal kingdom, have 2 lb teeth, and can dive over 7000 feet deep. Don't worry though, they feed primarily on squid, and have no recorded human fatalities.
The ocean floor along Dominica's west coast drops steeply to several thousand feet very close to shore, providing a calm and sheltered area for a large group of resident sperm whales to feed, mate, and socialize. Year round, they can be spotted very close to shore, cruising up and down the island's coast.
This unique sperm whale habitat has generated much attention for the island, with the result, that whale watching is now one of Dominica's most iconic activities. That is, whale watching from a boat, from a safe distance away, with a few dozen other oglers, for a short period of time. As underwater photographers, I'm sure you'll agree that this doesn't sound very appealing. So, why not just jump in the water to see them better? Well, because such in-water encounters are strictly regulated in order to ensure the welfare of the whales, which are now considered national treasures. ,, Over the past few years, Dominica's government has been issuing a few carefully-controlled number of in-water permits to select individuals - researchers, reputable underwater expedition leaders, documentary film crews and, for the past 3 years --- me.
With an in-water marine mammal permit, up to 3 permit members can be in the water simultaneously with any animals that we find along the coast. Dolphins? False-killer whales? Beaked whales? They're all fair game (we saw all of these, and more in March 2014). For 8 hours a day, I've chartered the Arwenne, which is captained by Dominica's whale tour pioneer, Jerry Daway, and guided by Images Dominica's Arun "Izzy" Madisetti. If we don't find whales one day? We can take a leisurely cruise along the coastal villages, stop at some shallow reefs to snorkel, or visit some FADs (Fish Aggregating Devices) for interesting photo opportunities. The boat is ours, and we can do what we want with it, within reason.
I have 2 permits available, each of which can be submitted with a maximum of 8 names (including me/trip leader). However, having 8 people on the boat is too many, in my opinion, so I've broken each permit into 3 blocks each, which allows the total number on the boat to never exceed 5-6 (excluding crew). This gives each guest more in-water time with the animals and keeps the boat clutter-free.
Permit 1: March 8-18
Block 1: March 7-13, 6 nights/5 days = $3500
Block 2: March 12-19, 7 nights/6 days= $3900
Block 3: March 7-19, 12 nights/11 days = $6900
Permit 2: March 21-31
Block 1: March 20-26, 6 nights/5 days = $3500
Block 2: March 25-April 1, 7 nights/6 days = $3900
Block 3: March 20-April 1, 12 nights/11 days = $6900
All rates are based on double occupancy. A single supplement applies if you want a room to yourself, and room upgrades are available (i.e. ocean front). Let me know if you're interested. I can be a little flexible with prices for groups of 2 or more... so let me know how many you've got!
Permit 1 (March 7-19): Jeffrey Honda
Permit 2 (March 20-April 1): Keri Wilk
- Accommodation for specified # of nights in block
- Permit fees
- Captain/guide fees
- 8 hrs/day on the water (weather permitting)
- Airport transfers
- Additional nights accommodation
- Alcoholic beverages (if you're nice, I might buy you a beer)
- Gratuities for hotel/boat staff
- Additional expenses (snacks, souvenirs, etc.)
Flights: You'll need to fly in to Melville Hall Airport (DOM) on or before the first day of the block that you're in, and on or after the last day of your block. There are a number of ways of getting to Dominica, but no one flies there direct from North America. You'll need to get to one of the main hubs, then take an inter-island flight for the final leg. Hubs include Antigua (ANU), Barbados (BGI), St. Maarten (SXM), Puerto Rico (SJU), Guadeloupe (PTP), and Martinique (FDF). Here's a link to a PDF which contains information about most of the available flights to these hubs from major airport in North America:
For more information, visit here or contact me directly, and I'll help you figure out a flight plan.
Visas: As long as you are staying in Dominica for less than 21 days, and have a return ticket to satisfy customs officers, you won't need a visa to enter Dominica. However, please take a look at the following Dominica government website which contains much more information: DOMINICA VISA INFO
Lodging: Castle Comfort Lodge (and Evergreen Hotel) will be our home base. I love them, and so will you. They have very comfortable rooms, charming staff, and a dock where our boat will pick us up each morning.
Whichever block you decide to join, the same schedule applies:
Day 0 - Arrive in Dominica. We'll have someone at the airport waiting for you (send us your flight details!). Enjoy the mountainous ride to the hotel, then unpack, set up your camera gear, and get some rest, because we're starting bright and early in the morning!
Day 1-5, 1-6, or 1-11 - Our boat leaves the dock between 7:00-7:30am, so we'll meet for breakfast shortly before then. After spending 8 hours on the water tracking whales (or whatever else we decide to do!), we'll come back to the dock - typically between 3:00 and 4:00pm, depending on whale activity and the consensus of the group. Dinner at our hotel is excellent, but if you want to venture into the city for a wider variety of options, it's a short walk, or even shorter taxi/bus ride away. Get lots of sleep - you will be exhausted!
Day 6, 7, or 12 - We'll take you back to the airport on your last day. Make sure that you say goodbye to your new whale friends... they'll be waiting for you next year!
Since you're going through the trouble of getting to Dominica (you'll notice there are very few tourists, for this reason!), I strongly suggest extending your stay at least a few days before/after your whale block to do some diving, hiking, or general sightseeing. For the past few years, after each whale permit concludes, a subset of the group has always done the Boiling Lake hike (see photo above). It's not easy, but the journey is well worth the punishment! Google it!
Sperm whales are big, but the ocean is bigger. I can't guarantee that we'll see anything, but I can tell you about my experience for the last 2 years on these permits. I've spent 44 days on the water looking for whales so far, and I've only had 8 days without any sign of whales. Those are pretty good stats so far, and are somewhat typical. Of the 36 days that we've had whale sightings, another 12 of those days had limited in-water interaction with whales. On 21 of the remaining days we've had great success tracking with a number of whales, spending the majority of each day doing drops into the water, and having some curious juveniles moderately interact with us. Finally, on the remaining 3 days that haven't yet been accounted for, we've encountered socializing sperm whales. This is the holy grail of sperm whale encounters, and is what we are looking for every day, with fingers crossed and lucky swim shorts on.
When 2 or more whales are socializing, they generally don't care about human presence (as long as you swim carefully!), so the whales become gigantic blank canvasses, which you can swim around and photograph however you'd like. They slowly bob up and down, rubbing dead skin off each other, inspecting us, and doing whatever else that sperm whales do, oblivious to us. IT IS INCREDIBLE. Cliché phrases like "life-changing" and "awe-inspiring" come to mind, but they don't do it justice. This type of encounter is fairly unlikely though --- my record so far is 3 out of 44 days (or 1/15, or 6%). It really just becomes a numbers game - the more days you can be on the water looking (and listening with our hydrophone), the better your chances of finding a social group. Or, you could see nothing at all. That's the way nature works!
Here are a few items that I recommended you bring:
- Fins. Long free diving fins are NOT recommended, since we'll be getting in and out of the water frequently, and they tend to make more splashing noises that could scare the whales)
- 3mm wet suit and/or dive skin (water temp is usually around 80F)
- Underwater video/camera (NO strobes, unless you'll be doing some diving around the island separate from the whale encounters)
- Light windbreaker
- Long sleeved shirts
- Rain poncho
- Hiking shoes/boots (if hiking)
(Some images from the last 2 trips - click to enlarge)
- NO SMOKING ON THE BOAT!
- This trip is free-diving only - bubbles disturb the whales!
- I can't guarantee any sightings... but it is VERY unlikely that we will see nothing.
- This trip is geared strongly toward underwater photography/videography.
- Getting in and out of the boat, and keeping up with sperm whales can be very strenuous at times, so physical fitness is very important. On days that the whales don't want to stick around, you'll only be able to get shots if you are kicking alongside them, which can very quickly become exhausting. If you have existing heart problems, or are in otherwise poor physical health, then you probably should not be participating in this trip.
- Sperm whales are huge, and unpredictable, and we'll be swimming in the middle of the ocean over several thousands of feet of water. You need to be comfortable in the water, and accept the inherent risks involved with such an activity.